Modern life or life in the 21st century is all about rushing, fulfilling obligations and expectations, and competing. Life has become hectic and chaotic, and people no longer have the time to rest, relax and enjoy finer aspects of life.
As a result, more and more people are being diagnosed with stress-related health problems, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular problems, strokes, and high cholesterol. While some amount of stressors keep a person mentally alert and focused, long-term and unrelieved emotional pressure has an adverse effect psychologically and physiologically.
Numerous factors contribute to stress, including financial problems, social problems, medical ailment, lack of social support and social network and poor diet. Poor diet can result in physical stress and also weaken the immune system. As a result, the person is more prone to infections and other ailments. When a person experiences physical stress, it reduces his/her ability to handle emotional pressure, as poor nutrition can have an adverse effect on the way the brain processes information.
Initial symptoms of stress include anxiety, nervousness, worrying too much and constantly being distracted. As the level of emotional pressure increases, the person experiences more emotional and physical symptoms, such as feeling extremely tired, suffering from depression, headaches, nausea, vomiting, pain in the chest, diarrhea, hyperventilation, dizziness, and palpitations. Usually, these symptoms do not last long. However, if they occur frequently and/or become severe, medical help is necessary.
The first step in the treatment involves identifying the cause. Once the cause is identified, it is important for the person to address it and remove the cause. If the person cannot identify the cause, speaking to another person, such as a family member, priest or friend, may help. Otherwise, the person can visit a professional mental health expert to determine the source.
Stress can be prevented by setting realistic and achievable goals in life. People should try not to get upset with insignificant matters, and also learn to relax and enjoy their lives by participating in extra-curricular activities or having a hobby, which helps them relax. Maintaining a positive outlook to life in general allows a person to handle challenging events and situations in life more effectively.
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